The griots of West Africa still tell the 700-year-old story of a sickly boy named Sundiata, who grew up to become a great warrior, defeated a brutal enemy, and united the Mandinka people.
Samanguru was a tyrant who ruled the small state of Kaniaga, but he managed to conquer a great deal of West Africa. Samanguru was hostile to the Mandinka people who lived in that area. His taxes were high, he felt it was his privilege to carry off Mandinka women, and he failed to maintain law and order along the trade routes that once prospered in West Africa.
Sundiata was one of twelve sons of a Mandinka warrior. Samanguru killed all of Sundiata’s brothers, but spared the future warrior. Samanguru believed the young Samanguru was sickly and would soon die anyway. That mistake would lead to Samanguru’s downfall. The ill child recovered and eventually assembled an army to confront Samanguru. Sundiata’s forces killed Samanguru and destroyed his forces in the Battle of Kirina in 1235. Sundiata then became mansa, or king, of a new empire that we know today as Mali. Mali means “where the king resides."
Sundiata proved himself to be a great warrior, but he was less interested in power than in once again making West Africa a safe place to travel and trade. Most merchants and traders in West Africa at that time practiced Islam. Sundiata converted to Islam, but only as a gesture of goodwill to the merchants and traders. To his people, Sundiata presented himself as a champion of traditional West African religion.
Sundiata Keita (c. 1217 – c. 1255) was a Mandinka warrior and the founder of the Mali Empire.
The Great Mosque of Djenné in the modern nation of Mali. Djenné has been a center of Islamic scholarship since the thirteenth century. The current building was constructed in 1907, but the original structure dates back to the time of Sundiata.
Mali grew into an empire during the rule of Sundiata’s grandson, Musa. It reached its greatest extent about 1350.