India Since IndependenceIndia is a very crowded nation

    More than one billion people live in India. The nation is about one-third the size of the United States, but more than ten times as crowded. India is the world’s largest democracy, but it is a difficult nation to govern.

India’s population has tripled since independence. Nearly one-sixth of all of the people of the earth live in India. Improved health care and increased food production has improved the Indian people’s lives, but it has also increased the speed of India’s growth. The size of India’s population has made progress in solving other problems very slow.

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India .Indians speak more than 800 languages and dialects. A dialect is a local form of a language. The Indian government has attempted to make Hindi the national language, but many people resisted. They felt that if they gave up their own languages, important parts of their cultural heritage would disappear. About half of the Indian people speak Hindi, English, or both.

Gandhi believed that once the subcontinent achieved independence, the Indian people should go back to their traditional way of life. Villages would learn to take care of themselves by raising their own food and learning to spin and weave. Gandhi believed that India was not ready for modernization. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru disagreed with Gandhi. He wanted India to become more like European nations. Under Nehru, India built factories, highways and railroads. Today, India is one of the world’s largest industrial nations. In 1984, poison gas leaked from an American chemical plant in Bhopal, India. The gas leak killed over 2,500 people and prompted many Indians to reconsider the costs of modernization.

India’s hostile relationship with Pakistan has recently gained world attention. The two nations had fought three wars in fifty years. In 1998, Indian scientists conducted nuclear testing. Pakistan followed suit two weeks later. Both nations implied they had the means to use nuclear weapons on enemy targets. Nations around the world condemned the testing; the United States, Japan and other nations imposed harsh sanctions on both nations. Many people are alarmed at the prospect of a nuclear war between India and Pakistan, but others see hope. Since the nations now have the power to destroy one another, they may come to the conclusion that settling their disputes by force is no longer an option.

  To cite this page (MLA):

Dowling, Mike. "India Since Independence at". Updated March 21, 2014. Web. Date of Access. <>